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Ingrown Toenail

If you cut your toenails too short, especially around the edges of your big toes, you can adjust the stage of a nested toenail. As with many people, when you cut your toenails, you can sharpen the corners, so they curl with your nail fingernail. However, this technique may encourage your toenail to grow on your toes’ skin. The edges of the nails curl and dig into your skin. If you wear too short or too short shoes, you can also have a nested toenail.

symptoms
If you have a toenail that is intertwined first, it may be hard, swollen and sensitive. Then, it may be red and infected and can suffer a lot. Ingrown toenails are a painful condition, especially among young people. Any of your toenails can be nested, but the problem affects more of the thumb. A nailed nail occurs when the skin on one or both sides of a nail grows on the edges of the nail or the nail grows inside the skin. Redness, pain and swelling may occur in the nail corner and the infection may come soon. Occasionally, a small amount of pus can be seen flowing through the area.

Sunken nails may develop for many reasons. Some cases are innate; The nail is too big for your finger. Traumas such as stabbing or stepping on the foot can also cause a nested nail. The most common cause, however, is the proper wearing and fixing of tight shoe wear or nail.

treatment
Non-Surgical Treatment
The submerged toenails should be treated as soon as they are recognized. If diagnosed early (before the infection begins), home care can prevent the need for more treatment:

Dip the foot 3 to 3 times a day in warm water.
Keep the foot dry for the rest of the day.
Wear comfortable shoes with enough space for your toes. Consider wearing sandals until the condition improves.
It may take ibuprofen or acetaminophen for the painkiller.
Call your doctor if there is no improvement within 2-3 days or if the condition deteriorates.
You may need to gently lift the edge of the built-in toenail from its embedded position and place some cotton or waxed floss between the nail and your skin. Replace this package every day.

Surgical treatment
If there is excessive inflammation, swelling, pain, and discharge, the toenail will probably be infected and should be treated by a doctor (see picture below left). You may need to take oral antibiotics and the nail may need to be partially or completely removed (see the image below). The doctor may surgically remove a portion of the nail, a portion of the underlying nail bed, some of the adjacent soft tissues, and even a part of the growth center (see figure below).

Surgery prevents the nail edge from growing inwardly and is effective in cutting fleshy folds as the toenail grows forward. Permanent removal of the nail may be recommended for children with chronic, recurrent infectious intertwined toenails.

If you are suffering too much and / or the infection continues to come back, your doctor may remove some of your inner toenail (partial nail avulsion). Your foot is anesthetized and your doctor uses scissors to cut the inside of the toenail, taking care not to disturb the nail bed. An exposed nail bed can be very painful. Removing your entire toenail (complete nail plate avulsion) increases the likelihood of your toenail being deformed. It may take 3-4 months for your nail to reappear.

Risk factors
As long as the problem is not congenital, it is to protect the toenails against trauma and to protect the toenails against trauma and to wear shoes and socks that have enough space for the toes. The nails should be cut straight with a clean, sharp nail clip without sharpening or rolling the corners. Cut the nails shorter than at the foot end. Always keep the feet clean and dry.

Categories:   Ingrown Nails

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